تعريفات من منهج اللغة الانجليزية في منهج اليمن للقسم الادبي والعلمي - ملخصات الثانويه العامه في اليمن

تعريفات من منهج اللغة الانجليزية في منهج اليمن للقسم الادبي والعلمي

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم اليكم ايها الطلاب تعريفات من منهج اللغة الانجليزية في منهج اليمن للقسم الادبي والعلمي :
تعريفات من منهج اللغة الانجليزية في منهج اليمن للقسم الادبي والعلمي

أ) التعريفات :


  1. A valley (وادي ) is a place between two hills .
  2. A desert ( صحراء ) is a place where nothing or very little grows .
  3. A peak ( قمة ) is the highest part of a mountain .
  4. A plough ( ( محراث is a tool which is used for turning the soil over .
  5. Rama is a cross between a male camel and a female Llama .
  6. Synonyms are words with the same meaning .
  7. Antonyms are words with the opposite meaning .
  8. A forest ( غابة ) is a very large wood . 
  9. A drought ( جفاف ) is a shortage of water after a long period with no rain .
  10. A flood ( فيضان ) is deep water over normally dry land .
  11. A flash flood ( سيل ) is very quick deep water in a wadi in the mountains .
  12. An epidemic ( وباء ) is an illness that spreads quickly and effects many people .
  13. A volcano ( بركان ) is a mountain with a hole in the top .
  14. A volcanic eruption ( ثورة بركان ) is the explosion of molten rocks .
  15. A famine (مجاعة ) is a shortage of food .
  16. A hurricane is a powerful storm with strong winds .
  17. The crust ( قشرة الأرض ) is the hard rock surface of the earth .
  18. A fault line (خط الزلزال ) is the place where two plates meet causing an earthquake .
  19. An earthquake (الزلزال) is the shaking of the earth `s surface .
  20. plates ( الصفائح ) are sections ( طبقات) into which the earth crust is divided .
  21. Richter scale is an instrument which is used for measuring the strength of an earthquake .
  22. A career advisor is a person who gives advice .
  23. A school leaver is a person who is about to leave school . ( a person in the last year at school ).
  24. A tourist guide is a person who guides tourists .
  25. A taxi driver is a person who drives taxis .
  26. An application is a person who applies for a job .
  27. A suffix is a group of letters that is added to the end of a word .
  28. A prefix is a group of letters that goes in front of a word .
  29. The stem ( جذر الكلمة ) is the part of a word that is common to all forms of that word .
  30. A word set ( مجموعة كلمات ) is a group of connected words .
  31. A mystery is something which is impossible to explain .
  32. A nurse is a woman who looks after ( ترعي ) patients .
  33. A disaster (كارثة) is an event (حدث) that causes great damage .
  34. A plantation (مزرعة) is a land planted with trees or a crop .
  35. Landslide (انجراف التربة ) is the earth slipping down a mountain .
  36. A nightmare (كابوس) is a frightening dream .
  37. The environment (البيئة) is the world around us .
  38. An ambulance (سيارة إسعاف) is a car used in hospitals to carry people with bad injuries.
  39. A wrist (معصم) is a part of the body just above the hand .
  40. Pulse (نبض) is the beating of the blood through the body .
  41. A safety worker (رجل الأمن ) is a person who makes sure that factories and other places of work are not dangerous 
  42. Personal details ( البيانات الشخصية ) are information about a person .
  43. An examination room (غرفة الفحص ) is a private (خاص) place where a doctor examines patients .
  44. A casualty unit ( قسم الطوارئ ) is a place where bad injuries are treated .

تعريفات خاصة بالقسم الادبي:


  1. A proverb (مثل) is a sentence that expresses a truth or a moral (أخلاقي)lesson 
  2. Idioms (الاصطلاحات اللغوية) are words which the general meaning is different from the meanings of the words used . 
  3. The plot (الحبكة ) is the story of the play . 
  4. A tragedy ( دراما مأساوية ) is a play with sad events or sad end . 
  5. A comedy (دراما ساخرة) is a play with events full of fun . 
  6. A critic is a person who makes judgments about the arts . 
  7. Calligraphy is the art of fine handwriting . 
  8. The Bermuda triangle is a place in the Atlantic ocean where many ships and planes disappeared.

تعريفات خاصة بالقسم العلمي : 

  1. An acid is a substance that reacts with bases to produce salts . 
  2. A base is a substance that reacts with acids to produce salts . 
  3. Alkalis are bases that dissolve in water . 
  4. Litmus is a vegetable dye that is used to test the acidity of solutions . 
  5. PH scale is a tool that is used to measure the strength of an acid or alkali . 
  6. Acid rain is a kind of rain caused by reaction between the gases released from burning oil or coal and water in the atmosphere . 
  7. Matter is any material , which is found in our universe . 
  8. A solid is a state of matter in which the particles are fixed and close together . 
  9. A liquid is a state of matter in which the particles are not fixed and are further apart. 
  10. A gas is a state of matter in which the particles are not fixed and are further apart . 
  11. Light is a form of energy . 
  12. Lenses are specially – shaped pieces of glass that refract light exactly . 
  13. A convex lens is a lens which is thicker in the middle than at the edges and can make objects look larger . 
  14. A concave lens is a lens which is thinner in the middle than at the edges and can make objects look smaller . 
  15. Angle of incidence ( زاوية السقوط) is the angle at which light hits a surface 
  16. Angle of reflection (زاوية الانعكاس) is the angle at which light is reflected . 
  17. Refraction (انكسار الضوء) is the bending of light waves when they pass from one transparent medium to another . 
  18. Sound is waves created by something vibrating . 
  19. Hertz is the number of sound waves per second . 
  20. Ultrasonic sound is frequencies higher than those that can be heard by people . 
  21. Decibel (db) is a unit used for measuring the volume of sound . 
  22. Vaccination is giving a very weak form of a disease to prevent a disease . 
  23. Aids is one of the most feared diseases in history . 
  24. Smallpox is a disease that is found in humans . 
  25. Cowpox is a disease that is found in cattle . 
  26. A solar eclipse is the disappearance of the sun during daylight . 
  27. A lunar eclipse is the disappearance of the moon . 
  28. Gibbous ( المحاق) is one of the phases of the moon . 
  29. Radioactivity is the changes that take place in the nucleus , or centre of certain materials . 
  30. A nuclear reactor (المفاعل النووي ) is a machine that is used to generate electricity . 
  31. Nuclear fission ( الانشطاري النووي ) is a radioactive process by which electricity is generated .

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